Cervical Anatomy & Biomechanics

Cervical Anatomy and Biomechanics

In this lecture, we breakdown cervical spine anatomy and biomechanics. The anatomy lecture reviews pertinent ligaments, soft tissue, bony anatomy, and more. The biomechanics lecture is divided into two seperate regions-- the upper cervical spine and the lower cervical spine.

The upper cervical spine is made up of the Atlantooccipital Joint and the Atlantoaxial Joint. The lower cervical spine is comprised of the joints from C2-C3 down to C7-T1. In the upper cervical spine, the OA and AA joints have unique anatomical and kinesiological considerations compared to the lower cervical spine. Since the cervical spine is involved in upper quarter dysfunction, as well as temporomandibular dysfunction, it is imperative we have a solid understanding of the cervical spine anatomy and biomechanics.

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Cervical Biomechanics: Spine Model

Cervical and Upper Quarter Muscle Anatomy

In the following lecture, we review many of the important muscles for the cervical spine region. Additionally we offer our clinical perspective regarding these muscles. With the clinical perspective, we are viewing the information from a movement impairment approach. This information does not directly pertain to pain, but it impacts what the patient is feeling and which muscles are being overworked/underworked.

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Anatomy and Biomechanics Key Points

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